Professional Painting Contractor Serving Mission Viejo and Surrounding Areas Since 1997 | Custom Coatings and Finishes | Team CCF
Types of Paint
Contains pigments usually suspended in linseed oil,
a drier, and mineral spirits or other types of thinner. The linseed
oil serves as the binder for the pigments, the drier controls drying
time, the thinner controls the flowing qualities of the paint. As the
thinner evaporates, the mixture of pigments and oil gradually dries
to an elastic skin. As the oil absorbs oxygen from the air (or cures),
the curing action bonds a tough paint film to the applied surface. Oil
paints are used inside and outside and are regarded as the traditional
Consists of a solution of resins in a drying oil. Varnish
contains little or no pigment. It dries and hardens by evaporation of
the volatile solvents, oxidation of the oil, or both.
Varnish is recommended for both outdoor and indoor applications
where a hard, glossy finish that is impervious to moisture is desired.
For a satin finish, the gloss varnish surface can be rubbed down with
steel wool, or a “satin” varnish can be used. As a floor finish, varnish
provides a hard, durable film that will not greatly alter the tone of
Enamel is a varnish with pigments added. Enamel has
the same basic durability and toughness of a good varnish. It produces
an easy-to-clean surface, and in the proper formulation, it can be used
for interior and exterior applications. For the highest quality interior
work, an undercoat is required.
Consists of a dispersion of fine particles of synthetic
resin and pigment and water. Latex paints are quick drying, low on odor,
and thinned with water. They permit the repainting and decorating of
a room within a day. Because latex paints set quickly, tools, equipment,
and splattered areas should be cleaned properly with warm, soapy water.
No special primer is required for interior applications
except over bare metal or wood, or over highly alkalined surfaces. Spot
priming with shellac should be avoided because shiny spots will bleed
through the latex film.
Exterior latex house paint can be applied directly to
old painted surfaces. On new wood, it should be applied over a primer.
For other surfaces, follow specific label directions.
The term has come into wider use in the paint business
within the past few years. These products are also called “water-based”
or “water-borne” paints. They include the well-known latex products,
as well as products based on new synthetic polymers. While both groups
employ water as the reducing agent, the chemistry of each is different.
For example, most latex coatings dry by solvent evaporation
or coalescence. The new synthetic polymeric paints dry by a combination
of solvent evaporation and chemical cross-linking.
Chemical cross-linking frequently requires the blending
of two materials (these products are called two-component coatings)
and a “digestion” time before the coating can be applied. The blending
of specific materials results in chemical cross-linking and outstanding
performance features, such as mar resistance, scratch resistance, washability,
and stain resistance.
Alkyd finishes are produced in four sheens: flat, semi-gloss,
low-luster, and high-gloss.
Flat finishes have a velvety texture and are used to
produce a rich, softly reflective surface. Alkyd flats can often be
applied to painted walls and ceilings, metal, fully cured plaster, wall
board, and wood work without a primer. When required, the primer should
be a similar material. For high alkaline surfaces, an alkali-resistant
primer should be used.
Semi-gloss or low-luster types add just enough sheen
to wood work and trim for contrast with flat finish wall surfaces. Each
offers great resistance to wear and washing. Low-luster enamels are
preferred in such areas as kitchens, bathrooms, nurserys, and school
Alkyd high-gloss enamels are often used for even greater
surfacability and washability.
Two-part formulation which is thoroughly mixed just
before use. Epoxy finishes are extremely hard and durable and excellent
for demanding applications. They can be used for protecting materials
such as steel, aluminum, and fiberglass. The paint film dries to a brilliant
gloss. The tile-like finish is smooth, easy to clean, and lasts for
years under the most severe conditions.
Two-component materials that are usually mixed prior
to application. Polyester epoxy combines the physical toughness, adhesion,
and chemical resistance of an epoxy with the color retention and permanent
clarity of polyester. The film is stain resistant and moisture resistant.
Polyester epoxy is available in gloss and semi-gloss
sheens, and can be applied to any firm interior surface. Pot life is
a full working day.
Chemically, acrylic epoxy coatings provide the resistance
to staining, yellowing, and scuffing of acrylic resins, combined with
the toughness, acid and alkali-resistance of epoxys. Their performance
characteristic are almost equal to those of polyester epoxy solvent
based products and their stain resistance is superior.
Acrylic epoxy coatings are available in gloss and semi-gloss
finishes in both clear and pigmented formulations. Colorant can be added
to the pigmented products to achieve hundreds of colors.
Though priced higher than conventional enamels, acrylic
epoxy coatings offer superior wash-ability, non-yellowing characteristics,
and generally three to five times longer life, which makes them an outstanding
value for interior walls continuously subjected to hard use conditions.
Tough, two-component finish with outstanding hardness,
abrasion resistance, alkali and acid resistance, and adhesion when dry.
Excellent as a concrete floor finish where heavy traffic wears through
an alkyd finish in a short time.
For exterior applications, polyamide epoxy will chalk
and lose gloss on prolonged exposure, however film integrity is not
back to top
Urethane Modified Alkyds
One-component finishing material for outstanding abrasion
resistance on wood floors, furniture, paneling, cabinets, etc. Good
resistance to normal household materials such as alcohol, water, grease,
etc. It may yellow to some degree with age.
Recommended for areas that demand superior chemical
and stain resistance, plus color and gloss retention. They are suitable
for both interior and exterior application on properly primed steel,
aluminum, and masonry which are subjected to high acids and alkalidty.
These products are designed to be used in commercial
and industrial applications, but not in homes. Acrylic urethane coatings
have high performance properties including excellent resistance to salt,
steam, grease, oils, many coolants, solvents, and general maintenance-type
machinery fluids. They also have excellent film properties and resistance
to scratching, marring, and chipping. The tile-like gloss and semi-gloss
finishes provide a superior corrosion-abrasion resistance, while maintaining
excellent gloss and color retention on exterior exposures for long periods
The color and gloss retention and chemical resistance
of acrylic urethane coatings will exceed those of conventional high-performance
coatings. They also dry to the touch faster than any other heavy-duty
An all-purpose aluminum paint formulated with varnish
as the vehicle for aluminum flake pigment. As the paint dries, the aluminum
flakes float to the surface, providing a reflective coating highly resistant
to weathering. Also suitable for interior use on wood, metal, or masonary.
When formulated with an asphalt base, aluminum paint
offers maximum adhesion and water-resistance at low cost when applied
to asphalt composition.
A long-standing favorite for finishing wood floors,
trim, and furniture. Shellac is thinned with alcohol and should be applied
in dry, warm air to avoid clouding. It dries dust-free in 15-20 minutes.
Shellac can be used as a pre-staining wash coat to obtain
an even stain tone on porous or soft wood such as pine. It can also
be used to change the tone of an already shellacked surface by tinting
it with alcohol soluble aniline dye.
Instead of re-staining, pigmented shellac (also called
“shellac enamel”) is often used as a sealant over stained finishes for
a uniform, freshly painted surface.
A solution of film forming materials, natural or synthetic,
usually applied as an ornamental or protective coating. Quick-drying
synthetic lacquers are used to coat automobiles, furniture, textiles,
paper, and metal wear. The lacquer formula may be varied to impart durability,
hardness, gloss, or imperviousness to water. Nitrocellulose (pyroxylin)
lacquers are the most widely employed. Slower drying natural lacquers
contain oleo resins obtained from the juice of trees, especially of
Rhus Vernicifera, a sumac of Southeast Asia.
Lacquers can come either pigmented or clear in a variety
of sheens from matte to high-gloss finish.
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